Management of Technology
“Management of Technology (MOT) is an interdisciplinary field that integrates science, engineering and management knowledge and practice. The focus is on technology as the primary factor in wealth creation. Wealth creation involves more than just money: it may encompass factors such as enhancement of knowledge, intellectual capital, effective exploitation of resources, preservation of the natural environment, and other factors that may contribute to raising the standard of living and quality of life. Managing technology implies managing the systems that enable the creation, acquisition, and exploitation of technology. It involves assuming responsibility for creating, acquiring and spinning out technology to aid human endeavors and satisfy customers’ needs. Research, inventions, and development are essential components in technology creation and the enhancement of technology progress. However, more important for the creation of wealth is the exploitation and commercialization of technology. It is when the technology is connected with a customer and that its benefit is realized. A customer is a beneficiary and could be individual, a corporation, or a government entity such as a defense establishment. An invention made and put on a shelf is not contributing to wealth. An idea that emerges and is not exploited, even if it was patented does not bring monetary returns. Technology generates wealth when it is commercialized or used to achieve a desire strategic or operational objective for an organization.”* ……
“Science and technology policies have a major impact on a nation’s competitiveness; therefore, the process of technical innovation must be well understood. Infrastructure and management of R&D is a key aspect, and entrepreneurship is vita; for the development of new technologies. The technology life cycles as well as product and process life cycles are becoming much shorter; technological forecasting is assuming a much greater importance in planning for technology. Other pertinent subjects include technological innovations and strategic planning, technology transfer, etc.”*
Some examples of management of technology in Korea, in a corporate (Betagro) and a direction for SMEs in Thailand will be presented.
The topic “Management of Technology” will be presented by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Somchai Chatratana, Deputy Director of Technology Management Center, National Science and Technology Development Agency, as Keynote Speech at the ECTICON 2009, on May 7, 2009.
* An excerpt from “Tarek Khalil; Management of Technology: The key to competitiveness and wealth creation; McGraw-Hill International Editions, 2000”
Somchai Chatratana received the B.Eng. degree (Honors) in electrical engineering from Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand, in 1974, the M.Sc. D.I.C. and Ph.D. degrees from Imperial College, London University, England, in 1978 and 1982 respectively.
From 1983 to 2003, he was with Electrical Engineering Department, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology North Bangkok (KMITNB), Bangkok, Thailand. His teaching includes electromechanical energy conversion, control system, electric drives, induction machines, synchronous machines and power system stability. He became an Assistant Professor and an Associate Professor in electrical engineering at KMITNB in 1986 and 2000 respectively. During 1998-2002, he was Dean of the Faculty of Engineering, KMITNB. His research interests include control of electrical drives, power quality, ferroresonance, wind turbine generation system, and FACTS. Since 2003, he has been with National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Pathumthani, Thailand, where he is currently an Assistant to the President of NSTDA. He is responsible for technology transfer section of the Technology Management Center. He has authored and coauthored more than 70 technical publications.
Dr.Chatratna is a Registered Professional Engineer in Thailand. He was a committee of PES Chapter of IEEE Thailand Section.
Wireless Sensor Networks Powered by Ambient Energy Harvesting
Energy consumption is a perennial issue in the design of wireless sensor networks which typically rely on portable sources like batteries for power. Recent advances in ambient energy harvesting technology have made it a viable alternative source of energy for powering wireless sensor networks. WSNs powered by ambient energy harvesting (WSN-HEAP) are potentially more useful and economical in the long term than traditional battery-powered WSNs as they can operate for very long periods of time, while delineating the need for human involvement. In this talk, we first provide an overview of existing WSN and ambient energy harvesting technology for powering WSNs. We then discuss key challenges in designing networking protocols for WSN-HEAP and present some preliminary results from our ongoing work.
Winston Khoon Guan SEAH received the Dr.Eng. degree from Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, in 1997. He is a Senior Scientist in the Networking Protocols Department of the Institute for Infocomm Research (I2R), Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor in the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, and an adjunct faculty in the Graduate School for Integrative Science and Engineering in the National University of Singapore. Prior to I2R, he had been a Principal Member of Technical Staff, and director of the Internet Technologies programme in the then Institute for Communications Research (ICR) and Centre for Wireless Communications. He is actively involved in research and development in the areas of mobile ad hoc and sensor networks, and co-developed one of the first Quality of Service (QoS) models for mobile ad hoc networks. His latest research focuses on wireless sensor networks powered by ambient energy harvesting, WSNs for structural health monitoring, and mobility-enhanced protocols and algorithms for networked swarm robotics and sensing applications in terrestrial and oceanographic ad hoc sensor networks. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE and Professional Member of the ACM. [http://www1.i2r.a-star.edu.sg/~winston]